Simulation of small footprint full waveform LiDAR signals from seedling stand vegetation using Monte Carlo ray tracing and statistical models of 3D vegetation structure

  • Aarne Hovi
  • Ilkka Korpela
Keywords: Radiative transfer modeling, LiDAR, ray tracing, statistical model, leaf angle distribution


A Monte Carlo ray tracing model for simulation of waveform recording LiDAR data was developed. Species-specific waveform characteristics in real data were accuratelyreproduced in simulations. The model was used to study the effects of sensorparameters on vegetation classification performance. Effect of LiDAR footprint could be shown.

Author Biographies

Aarne Hovi
Ilkka Korpela
4A Structural development of plants and light environment